01/07/2024

Place names of Calne: Ebor Gardens, Ebor Paddock, Ebor Cottage

Ebor House. Image from Calne Heritage Centre.
Ebor House
Ebor comes from the name of a large house built in 1907 and demolished in 1997[1]. It is said to have been named after the Ebor handicap and built be William Higgs (1880-1958), who won the 1904, 1905, and 1909 race at Ebor, these wins must have been important to Higgs, as he gave his son the middle name of Ebor[2].

When Higgs retired he opened up Blacklands Stud, on land he purchased from the executors of Thomas Harris in 1909. He had only modest success as a trainer and in 1928 sold it on to Frederick Darling, a racehorse trainer who aso had stables at Beckhampton[3].

Higgs put Ebor House up for auction in 1923[4]. Less than a year later he witnessed the tragic death of his son, Arnold, who at only 19 was fatally injured when riding his father's horse at Chester. The horse, William Tell, stumbled and pitched Higgs over his head. After the verdict of Accidental Death, his parents brought their son home, to be buried in Calne on Tuesday, 20 May 1924[5].

Dr. Ede moved to Ebor house which seems to have become known as Strangeways, certainly by 1928 when the name is shown in the Swindon and District Directory. The house was sold again in 1951[6]. In the advert for the sale, we find that the houses contains a hall with cloakroom, 3 reception rooms, 6 bedrooms, a dressing room, and 2 bathrooms, by now all servied by central heating. The land included a cottage, garage, and stabling, over a 7 acre site.

The house was requisitioned for senior RAF officers during WWII and it is believd that Sir Winston Churchill had a secret meeting there before D-Day[7].

In the 1840s the land on which the house was built was called 'Dog Kennell And Nine Acres', owned by Thomas Poynder and occupied by Charles Pinneger.

It was subsequently demolished and replaced by Ebor Paddock.

Ebor Cottage
The Grade II listed cottage was built around a century before Ebor House, so likely gained its name after the house was built. Both buildings were on separate parcels of land and in the 1840s tithes was logged as a turnpike house and gardens (Plot number 1377) with sundry owners and occupiers. A field nearby called 'Near Quemerford Turnpike' was owned by Dr. George Page (see Page Close) and occupied by Joseph Maundrell.

A large porch with windows both sides of the front door can be seen. This arrangement is likely to ensure that travellers couldn't sneak past without paying the fee.

In 1834, the Quemerford Gate turnpike, with the Weighing Engine, and including the tolls was Let by Auction. It was put up at the sum of £1302 per annum, which was the sum gained during the previous let. This turnpike covered Chilvester Hill, the turnpike there was approximately opposite Chilvester House, Chalk Street Lane, and Smellings Hill, near Silver Street[8].

Ebor Paddock
Ebor Paddock

Ebor Paddock was first built c. 1953. Is a collection of primarily semi-detached 3 bedroom houses. Named for Ebor House.

Ebor Gardens
Ebor Gardens was built c. 2000 on the site of Ebor House. A collection of red and yellow brick mostly detached houses with 4 bedrooms was granted to Try Homes Ltd and designed by BCA Architects[9].


References:
[1] Calne: Calne outside the town | British History Online. 2019. Calne: Calne outside the town | British History Online. [ONLINE] Available at: https://www.british-history.ac.uk/vch/wilts/vol17/pp51-64. [Accessed 24 September 2019].
[2] Higgs, Billy - Jockeypedia 4. 2019. Higgs, Billy - Jockeypedia 4. [ONLINE] Available at: https://sites.google.com/site/jockeysbirthdays/higgs-billy. [Accessed 24 September 2019].
[3] Blackland | British History Online. 2019. Blackland | British History Online. [ONLINE] Available at: https://www.british-history.ac.uk/vch/wilts/vol17/pp17-27. [Accessed 24 September 2019].
[4] 'Calne, Wilts'  Wiltshire Times and Trowbridge Advertiser, Saturday 09 June 1923 [ONLINE] Available at: https://www.britishnewspaperarchive.co.uk/viewer/bl/0001557/19230609/149/0006 [Accessed on 24 September 2019]
[5] 'Calne Jockey's Death'  Western Daily Press, Monday 19 May 1924 [ONLINE] Available at: https://www.britishnewspaperarchive.co.uk/viewer/bl/0000264/19240519/062/0009 [Accessed on 25 September 2019]
[6]'Curtis & Henson'  Wiltshire Times and Trowbridge Advertiser, Saturday 15 September 1951 [ONLINE] Available at: https://www.britishnewspaperarchive.co.uk/viewer/bl/0001671/19510915/174/0006 [Accessed on 24 September 2019]
[7] Materials at Calne Heritage Centre
[8] 'Calne Turnpike Roads'  Bath Chronicle and Weekly Gazette, Thursday 30 October 1834 [ONLINE] Available from: https://www.britishnewspaperarchive.co.uk/viewer/bl/0000187/18341030/017/0001 [Accessed 24 September 2019]
[9] 98/01743/REM

19/06/2024

Honouring Heroes: Calne’s Tribute to D-Day

In Calne, 6 June 2024, the Royal British Legion branch stirred memories with a poignant series of events, marking eight decades since the momentous D-Day landings.

The first was a powerful proclamation delivered by Calne's award-winning town crier, Mark Wylie and the Proclamation steps.


@calnepastandpresent Calne D-Day Proclamation 2024 with thanks to the Calne Town Crier. #dday ♬ original sound - Tim Havenith 📖 Calne History

This was followed by wreath laying at the War Memorial in St. Mary's Churchyard. A prayer was led by Rev Caspar Bush, while both the poem, For the Fallen, written by Laurence Binyon  and The Last Post by Lee Kernaghan on the bugle were performed. Followed by 1 minute of silence.

@calnepastandpresent Calne #dday80thanniversary ♬ original sound - Tim Havenith 📖 Calne History

Finally, Calne Town Hall hosted an exhibition of wartime history provided by Val Proctor and Paul Dew, whose family are remembered in the street name 'Dew Way' as part of Weston Meadows.


The video below was compiled by my friend, Peter Stedman, as a fitting tribute to such an important day.

11/06/2024

Calne and District Week 1942

Newspaper reports put the week
in March, rather than February.
As part of Warship Week in March 1942, Calne and District adopted the HMS Dunnet, a British Boom Defence Vessel.

Warship weeks, which took place all around the country, were Nation
al savings campaigns organised by the National War Savings Committee.


The Opening Ceremony of the Calne Warship Week was performed by Admiral A. V. Campbell. During this week the Calne and Chippenham Rural Council invested £500.




The Lords Commissioners of the Admiralty presented the above plaque in response to the generosity of Calne and District (plaque held at Calne Heritage Centre). 

However, it wasn't until 26 August 1944 that the plaque celebrating this adoption, was passed over to the ship.

 

The ship's company of HMS DUNNET with Calne's adoption plaque, it is being held by the Commanding Officer, Skipper C O Knight, RNR. (https://www.iwm.org.uk/collections/item/object/205157091)


Dunnet Close also celebrates the adoption of the ship.

01/06/2024

Place names of Calne: Stoke Meadow



Stoke Meadow
The Stoke Meadow housing estate was built between c. 2018-2020 by DC Fry & Son builders. It is a development of 154 new dwellings, which includes 3 and 4 bedroom properties.

All of the street signs will have a poppy incorporated on them as, apart from the name Stokes, all the names have been taken from the WWI portion of the War Memorial at St. Mary's church, Calne.

The incorporation of the poppy seems to be a nice touch and it's nice to see housing developments in Calne being respectful to the people lost during WWI.


Stoke Meadow is the name of the field, which was part of the Bowood Estate.

Andrews Way
E Andrews
Private Edward Andrews died of wounds in France at the age of 29 on the 24/11/1916.

H Andrews
Currently unknown.

J Andrews
Private Jacob Andrews, was killed in action in France at the age of only 20 on the 29/5/1918. 

Angell Drive is named for the following:


AE Angell
Private Arthur Edward Angell, died of dysentry in Mesopotamia (Iraq) at the age of 30 on the 30/4/1917.

AJ Angell
Private Alfred James Angell, killed in action in France at the age of 20 on the 9/4/1917.

E Angell
Private Ernest John Angell, was wounded while in the trenches of Fauquissart, France and died on 7/12/1914.

F Angell
Private Frederick Albert Angell, killed in action in France, on the 3/8/1917.

FEG Angell
Private Frederick Edward George Angell, killed in action in France at the age of 19 on the 27/08/1916. 

PH Angell
Private Percy Henry Angell, killed in action in Belgium, in the trenches, at the age of 19, likely on the 12/6/1917.

W Angell
Private Walter Angell, killed in action in Mesopotamia, at the age of 32, on the 5/12/1917.

Blackford Drive is named for the following:

E Blackford
Private Ernie George Blackford died from influenza while in Germany as a prisoner of war, at the age of 22, on the 1/8/1918.

L Blackford
Private Lewin Blackford, killed in action in France, at the age of 27 on the 12/2/1916.

S Blackford
Private Sydney Frank Blackford, died from pneumonia after suffering from influenza at the age of 20, on the 20/8/1918.

Cleverley Way is named for:
AJ Cleverley
Private Alfred John Cleverly, killed in action in France, at the age of 27, on the 31/10/1914.

Cooper Way is named for:
AP Cooper,
Private Arthur Percy Cooper, who fought at sea, cause of death is unknown, at the age of 23, on the 11/11/1917.

ER Cooper,
Private Edward R Cooper, killed in action in France, at the age of 25, on the 2/2/1917.

Gingell Way is named for:
FW Gingell, 
Private Francis William Gingell, died of wounds received fighting on Vimy Ridge and died the following day, 10/4/1917.

G Gingell, 
Private George Gingell, killed in action in Mesopotamia, at the age of 24, on the 9/4/1916.
 
JA Gingell 
Sergeant John Alfred Gingell, killed in action in Egypt, at the age of 31, on the 22/11/1917. 


Summers Drive is named for the following:
AR Summers
Rifleman Arthur Robert Summers, killed in action in France, at the age of 25, on the 3/9/1916. 

EH Summers, 
Private Ernest Henry Summers, died at the age of 28.

FH Summers

Private Frederick Herbert Summers, died of wounds received at the battle of Loos, at the age of 18, on the 27/9/1915.


References:
Both of the resources I used to compile the information on this page are by historian and author Richard Broadhead. Both the book and website contain much more information than I have used and are worth time reading. I imagine this was quite an epic task, but very well done.
Broadhead, R., 2009. The Great War: Calne District Soldiers. 1st ed. Hilmarton: O&B Services. 
Wiltshire Soldiers. 2019. The Great War. [ONLINE] Available at: http://www.wiltshiresoldiers.co.uk. [Accessed 23 September 2019]. 

23/05/2024

𝐍𝐚𝐭𝐢𝐨𝐧𝐚𝐥 𝐓𝐫𝐮𝐬𝐭 𝐜𝐨𝐧𝐟𝐢𝐫𝐦 𝐜𝐨𝐦𝐦𝐢𝐭𝐦𝐞𝐧𝐭 𝐭𝐨 𝐟𝐮𝐧𝐝 𝐭𝐡𝐞 𝐟𝐮𝐥𝐥 𝐫𝐞𝐩𝐚𝐢𝐫 𝐨𝐟 𝐭𝐡𝐞 𝐋𝐚𝐧𝐬𝐝𝐨𝐰𝐧𝐞 𝐌𝐨𝐧𝐮𝐦𝐞𝐧𝐭

I have just returned from the Cherhill and Yatesbury Parish Council meeting that included a presentation from Andrew Townsend of Andrew Townsend Architects and the National Trust.

My understanding is as follows:
Work has already been happening and will continue, including via rope access. This will include taking samples of stone for the stone consultant to understand where the issues are and what has gone wrong.
There will be trial work over the summer, which will include using one or more different stone types (likely from the Bath area). These will be left over winter to assess how well this has worked.
After trial works have been assessed and costs better understood, the work will go out to tender and to Wiltshire Council for statutory consent.
It is expected that the main body works will be completed by rope access and scaffolding. This will include pinning, some replacement, and repointing the whole body of the monument.
Work this year will include the upgrade of the lightning conductor, which will include the digging of a trench, for which an archaeologist will be present.
No timescale was given for completion, have been given. However, when asked directly, the National Trust representation was definitive in his response that the National Trust will fully fund the complete works to restore the monument.
Photos of the presentation slides and one of mine to highlight some of the problem.
(While the National Trust were definitive in their response - I'm sure we will all be waiting with bated breath for the first sign of a you turn in their position).